FAO MEDALS 1976-1977; 1978; 1979
Statement from Raymond Lloyd - FAO money problems
Women's Advancement -
Silver 50 mm - Gold 28 mm
Farah Pahlavi-Fatima Abdel
On 21 March 1976, International Day Against Racial Discrimination, the
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) released
the Ceres medal featuring Dorothy Nyembe of South Africa. Born in Natal
in 1930, Dorothy Nyembe
is a leader in the women's movement and the struggle for human rights
in South Africa. She has been arrested and imprisoned several times. In
March 1969, Dorothy Nyembe was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment
under the country's apartheid laws.
This medal portrays Dorothy Nyembe
against the prison bars where she will remain till 1984.
As symbols of freedom and agricultural advancement, the medal reverse
shows hands breaking their chains and supporting a pot in the shape of
southern Africa from which maize, a major African crop, is growing.
Michael Hibbit, the British sculptor, designed this inspiring medal,
struck in Arezzo by the Gori & Zucchi Mint.
See also: Dorothy Nyembe - from South African
Fatima Abdel Mahmoud
This medal portrays Fatima Abdel Mahmoud as Ceres, surrounded by cotton
motifs, a reminder of the importance of this crop to the Sudanese
economy. The medal reverse is an inscription of a verse from the Koran:
"Work, for God will see the result of your work, and so will His
Prophet and the Faithful" (9: 105).
Minister for Social Affairs of the Democratic Republic of Sudan since
1976, Dr. Mahmoud is also involved in many other official duties
dealing with peace, social welfare and child care. Dedicated to the
activities of Sudanese women in agriculture, Dr. Mahmoud has written
several books and articles on population, family planning and women's
The portrait of Dr. Mahmoud was designed by the Italian
medallist-engraver Sergio Giandomenico, and calligraphy for the
inscription on the medal reverse is by Abdel Muniem Awed. The Gori
& Zucchi Mint of Arezzo struck the medal.
FAO has launched a new series of medals, bearing the word AGRICOLA, the
Latin for farmer, to honour distinguished men of our time who have made
contributions to FAO's Food for All goal. The first FAO Agricola medal
features Dr. Julius K.Nyerere, President of the United Republic of
Tanzania, on the portrait side. His Ujamaa 'Familyhood' village
development programme, promulgated on 5 February 1967 in his Arusha
Declaration on socialism and self-reliance, is commemorated with this
The medal reverse summarizes his philosophy: the hoe representing
agriculture, while the cogwheel symbolizes industry and the eventual
mechanization of present back- breaking farming methods. Sculpted by
the British medallist, Michael Rizzello, the medal was struck at the
Bertoni Mint in Milan.
Grace of Monaco
On the portrait side of this FAO medal, Princess Grace of Monaco is
shown surrounded by wheat motifs.
Princess Grace is well-known for her longtime dedication to Red Cross
activities. The reverse side of the medal highlights her
extensive work with young people. The inscription "For Friends of Young
People", in both English and French, recalls Princess Grace's honorary
presidency of the World Association of Young People's Friends, an
organization founded in Monaco in 1963 which aims at ensuring the
physical, moral and spiritual well-being of children everywhere in the
world, regardless of race, nationality or religion.
Struck at the Bertoni Mint, Milan, the medal was created by the Italian
sculptor PietroGiampaoli, who also designed Italy's first 500 lire coin
On the portrait side of the medal, Sirimavo Bandaranaike's pendant is
in the shape of Sri Lanka, and she is holding a sheaf of rice. The
medal reverse illustrates her concern for a peace zone in the Indian
and recalls the Non-Alligned Summit Conference held in Colombo from 17
to 19 August 1976.
The world's first woman Prime Minister, Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri
Lanka is a longtime worker in women's movements. Mrs. Bandaranaike was
an initial proponent of FAO's International Fertilizer Scheme, whose
purpose is, in her words, "to enable developing countries to continue
the green revolution" and attain food self-sufficiency. Social welfare
of her main areas of interest, including free education and medical
care, with particular emphasis on women's development and family
The medal was struck by the Gori & Zucchi Mint, Arezzo.
On the portrait side of this FAO medal, Farah Pahlavi of Iran is shown
wearing jewels made from ears of wheat, symbolic of the goddess Ceres
she represents. The medal reverse features a rose motif from a Persian
carpet and the inscription: "Who Works the Soil Sings Nature's Legend"
( "Roosta'ee hamas-e afarin tabi-at ast" (Farsi), calling
attention to the Shahbanou's interest in promoting rural handicrafts
and developing the land for agriculture.
Concerned with the development of her country and the improvement of
the living conditions of her people, Farah Pahlavi devotes much of her
and energy working on plans for social, educational and cultural reform.
Sculpted by Sergio Giandomenico, a leading Italian medallist-engraver,
the Farah Pahlavi medal was struck by the Gori & Zucchi Mint,
Silver 50 mm - Gold 28 mm
Williams-Food for the Newborn-Pauline
Jewlett-Helen Newton Turner
The mother of President Carter worked for many years as a registered
nurse and was one of the first proponents of civil rights in her own
MissLillian became a Peace Corps volunteer at the age of 68 and served
as a nurse in the town of Vikhroli, near Bombay in India, treating
many diseases, including cholera and leprosy.
A portrait of Lillian Carter appears on the medal obverse, while the
reverse shows three nurses, black, white and Indian, with the
kindness and caring - heal beyond any wall".
The medal was sculpted by Frank Gasparro, chief engraver of the U.S.
Mint, in his private capacity, and was struck at the Gori & Zucchi
Ettore Calvelli of Milan, a leading Italian medallist, has created a
new Idealized Ceres medal.
A simple shepherd girl, Claudia Tomasi from Ponte di Legno, in the
mountains of northern Italy, so inspired the artist with her sweetness
that he portrayed her on the obverse of this medal in an idealized
interpretation of Ceres, the ancient Roman goddess of agriculture.
Contrasting with the almost dream-like quality of the portrait of the
shepherdess as Ceres is the reverse of the medal. People seated around
roughhewn table, with the inscription "Fiat Panis" (Food for All), are
the figures used by the artist to communicate his message of
The Bertoni Mint of Milan struck the medal.
This FAO Ceres medal features Dr. Cicely Williams, British nutritionist
and pediatrician. Born in Jamaica, Dr. Williams began her major work in
Ghana, then known as the Gold Coast, where she studied protein
malnutrition in infants. This condition was later introduced into
medical literature by Cicely Williams with the name of kwashiorkor.
Dr. Williams has devoted more than 50 years to the integration of
nutrition with maternal arid child care. The World Health Organization
called her in 1948 to head its first Section on Maternal and Child
Health. Cicely Williams' work in mother and child health comprises over
fifty publications, research and teaching.
Lady Juliet Simpson designed the Ceres medal honouring Dr. Williams.
"Food and Health for All" the inscription on the reverse, expresses the
shared goals of FAO and this rare practitioner of medicine and
pediatrics. The medal was struck at the Bertoni Mint, Milan.
Helen Newton Turner
Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture is represented on this FAO
medal by Dr. Helen Newton Turner of Australia, a world expert in animal
genetics. Her field of
specialization is the science of sheep breeding, particularly selection
in the breeding of the Australian Merino.
Dr. Turner has worked as an FAO consultant on sheep projects, and has
given seminars and lectures on her speciality all over the world. She
has also been active in
obtaining funds to provide scholarships for the education of Australian
aborigines and in supervising the training of post-graduate students in
animal breeding from many countries.
The portrait of Helen Newton Turner as Ceres appears on the medal
obverse, while the reverse shows a Merino ewe and two lambs, with a
genetic formula referring to the selection for twinning in Merinos.
Designed by Marie Louise Radziwill, the medal was struck at the Bertoni
Mint in Milan.
Pauline Jewett, President of Simon Fraser University of Vancouver, is
the first woman in the world to hold this position in a major
coeducational university. She is a strong supporter of FAO and UN goals
of freedom from hunger and want and the advancement of women's rights.
Author of articles on government and political problems, former
lecturer in political science at Wellesley College in Massachusetts,
and at Queen's University, one-time Member of Parliament from
Northumberland in Ontario, Pauline Jewett is also former director of
the Institute of Canadian Studies at Carleton University, Ottawa.
The inscription: "A hungry man is not a free man" is a quotation from
Adlai Stevenson. Together with the tree of knowledge it forms the motif
on the reverse of the
A fine portrait of Dr. Jewett and stylized ears of wheat make up the
medal obverse. Designed by the Canadian sculptor-medallist, Dora de
P6dery-Hunt, the medal was struck in Milan at the Bertoni Mint.
Food for the Newborn
An idealized portrait of the Roman goddess of agriculture forms the
design on the obverse of this medal sculpted by Ettore Calvelli.
The figures on the reverse are a newborn child and its parents,
surrounded by a tangle of wires and lines. The scene represents
the obstacles that must be faced by those born to and living in hunger,
that part of humanity to which FAO's work is dedicated.
The Bertoni Mint, Milan, produced the medal.
Silver 32 mm (20 g); Gold 32 mm (25 g)
Binay Ranjan -Sen- Sirikit of Thailand-Monsignor
BINAY RANJAN SEN
The FAO Agricola medal of Binay Ranjan Sen bears his portrait and a
sheaf of rice on the obverse. The reverse features an inscription, a
quote from his inaugural speech in launching the Freedom from Hunger
Campaign, that reads: "One man's freedom from hunger and want is
neither a true nor a secure freedom until all men are free from hunger
Dr. Sen was Director-General of FAO from 1957 to 1967, following
a distinguished career in the service of India. The medal was designed
by Sergio Giandomenico, an Italian medallistengraver, and was struck at
the Picchiani & Barlacchi Mint in Florence.
SIRIKIT OF THAILAND
This Ceres medal features Queen Sirikit of Thailand and
commemorates the 90th anniversary of the International Council of
Women. The reverse shows a woman in Thai farming headdress, with a
sheaf of rice, and in the background a man measuring paddy.
Queen Sirikit has made outstanding contributions to the wellbeing of
the Thai people, particularly through her work with the rural poor in
setting up cottage industries. Her efforts have given rural women an
opportunity to generate their own income, and her active support of
Thailand's National Council of Women has shown her belief in the
increasingly important status of women in today's world. Marie Louise
Radziwill, a young sculptress living in Rome, designed the medal.
The portrait side of this FAO Agricola medal shows Monsignor Luigi G.
Ligutti with the Agrimissio symbol, a cross and a plough. Founded by
Monsignor Ligutti, Agrimissio is an organization that fosters
collaboration between religious leaders and development agencies,
especially FAO, to get a better understanding of the fundamental role
of rural people in economic and social development. Monsignor Ligutti
in 1948 became the first Observer of the Vatican to FAO, a position he
held till retiring in 1971 .
Saint Isidore, the 12th century Spanish patron of farmers, ploughing
with two winged oxen, is the design on the reverse of this medal
sculpted by Guido Veroi. The medal was struck in Florence by Picchiani
from Raymond Lloyd
CERES & AGRICOLA MEDALS 1976 -
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO? has
been issuing CERES MEDALS since 1971 to highlight the role of women in
dealing with world development problems.
CERES, the Roman goddess of agriculture, is represented on FAO medals
by distinguished women of our time who have made significant
contributions in the fields of agriculture, nutrition, social work,
women's rights, education, and similar endeavours, and who share FAO
and UN goals of freedom from hunger and want.
Some medals feature an idealized Ceres, as a personal contribution of
the artist to FAO goals. In 1977 FAO launched a series of AGRICOLA
medals, after the Latin name for farmer, to honour men who support our
Food for All ideal.
Concurrently with the Ceres medals struck by FAO, Central Banks and
Ministries of Finance are beginning to issue legal tender coins and
banknotes on the theme of rural women's advancement.
Nearly 200 million such coins had been issued in ten countries by early
1979, ranging from the portrayal of a woman tractor driver on a 5
shilingi coin of Tanzania to a laboratory worker on a 10 millieme coin
of Egypt. Such symbols will surely multiply as Central Banks take
account of the actual and potential contribution of women to economic
modernization and social life- enhancement.
FAO MEDAL PROCEEDS
All proceeds from the sale of FAO medals are used to finance projects
for the social and economic advancement of women
and men in the developing countries. On pages 7 and 8 we describe the
first ten such projects devoted to rural women's
FAO Money & Medals Programme
Unknown Year -
38 mm Silver proofs of these Agricola
medals were also minted by a third party on license from the FAO.
Pope John Paul II has
made continuous struggle against hunger and malnutrition and his
demonstrated concern for the plight of mankind’s poor, and for peace in
King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand has devoted
time and energy to improve his subjects’ quality of life, and promote a
better rural economy. During his long reign, 1,955 royal initiatives
meant to the poor have been developed.
King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia
is highly recognised for the extraordinary agricultural development in
Saudi Arabia. The King has also made numerous endeavours to assist
other developing countries in improving the living conditions of rural
Jiang Zemin, the former president of the
People’s Republic of China (1993-2003), during his leadership, had
given top priority to strengthening agriculture, increasing farmers'
income, and consolidating the fundamental status of agriculture.
Jayaprakash Narayan of India had dedicated more than forty
years of his life to rural development activities in India, believing
that it was not enough that the nation attain political freedom but the
true freedom was the freedom from hunger, poverty and ignorance.
A winning combination of thematic designs and exquisite
craftsmanship, the FAO - Agricola Medallion Set features five 1-oz
dazzling silver medallions, representing the mutual commitment between
FAO and GOLDQUEST to
overcome hunger and poverty, and serving as a prized collectible that
embodies the true spirit of mercy and celebrates the praiseworthy
dedication of the five great men, arduously working to build a better